Deer



White-tailed and mule deer live in North Dakota.  Mule deer are found mainly in the western part of the state (west of the Missouri River) and especially in the badlands.  White-tailed deer are widespread in North Dakota and can be found in the badlands as well.  Mule deer are excellent climbers up steep hills while white-tailed deer like river bottoms in western North Dakota.

Mule Deer Fun Facts

  • They are found in western and central United States, south central Canada and northern Mexico
  • The mule deer is named for the large "mule like" ears
  • They have a black tip to their otherwise white tail
  • Mule deer antlers "fork" as they grow
  • They often spring when they move (called stotting or pronking)
  • Males average 200 pounds and females 150 pounds, although both can be larger
  • Babies (fawns- usually two) are born in the spring, grow quickly and are weaned in the fall



Mule deer can jump several feet high and as long as 15 feet!

Fun Facts- Are these Antlers or Horns?

  1. Horns
  • Are hollow and grow from the base and made of keratin
  • Bison, bighorn sheep, mountain goats, and pronghorns have horns
  • Only pronghorn shed their horns annually
  • Bison, sheep and goats grow their horns continuously and if they fall off, they don't grow back


  1. Antlers
  • Are made of solid bone
  • Deer, elk, caribou, deer, moose have antlers
  • Both male and female caribou have antlers, otherwise only male deer, moose and elk have antlers
  • Antlers fall off every year.  They grow from the tip


White-tailed Deer Fun Facts

  • They are found east of the Rocky Mountains extending to Canada, Mexico, Central and northern South America
  • White-tailed deer have the largest territory of any hoofed mammal in the Western Hemisphere
  • They like aspen forrests and river bottomlands with trees in western North Dakota
  • Their ears are smaller and more erect than mule deer
  • Their antlers branch from the stem and don't fork like mule deer
  • Their average size is larger the farther away from the Equator and northern males can reach 400 pounds
  • Babies (fawns- 1 to 3) are generally born  in May or June. For the first four weeks, fawns usually hide and lie still in vegetation


Mule or White-tailed Deer?


Mule Deer


White-tailed Deer


Mule Deer


White-tailed Deer


2019 Photographs


Frosty Mule Deer!


Getting the Scent!


Moving Fast- Mule Deer can run up to 45 mph!

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