Endangered and Vulnerable Species
1864 in the wild
A Vulnerable Species
How Endangered is a Species?
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List is the best determination of how endangered a species is.
Endangered or Vulnerable Species
Photographed by Dakota Reflections
Andatu at 1 month of age
Way Kambas National Park, Sumatra, Indonesia
Critically Endangered <100 in the wild
Whooping Crane Adult with Juvenile
Aransas National Wildlife Refuge Texas
440 in the Wild
<10,000 in the wild 50% decrease in population in last 30 years
Florida Scrub Jay
Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge Florida
8000 in the Wild
White Oak Conservation Center Florida
7100 in the Wild
Northern Manitoba on Western Shore of Hudson Bay
22,000 to 31,000 in the Wild
Cooper Island Cooper Bay South Georgia
18 million in the Wild with Large Population Declines
Southern Rockhopper Penguin
Saunders Island Falkland Islands
2 million in the Wild with Large Population Declines
1864 in the Wild
How Are the Chinese People Conserving the Giant Panda?
Giant Pandas in the United States
National Zoo in Washington, DC
San Diego Zoo
There is another Panda in China- The Red Panda!
Red pandas are not related to the Giant Panda and are considered living fossils because no other animal is closely related. Red pandas' somewhat nearest relatives are weasels, raccoons and skunks. Red pandas share several characteristics with giant pandas: overlapping habitat, bamboo in the diet and the modified wrist bone that serves as a thumb.
Red pandas have five toes that are widely separated and semi-retractable claws. They share the giant panda's "thumb:" a modified wrist bone—that is used to help grasp bamboo when feeding.
Red pandas can be found in northern Myanmar (Burma), west Sichuan and Yunnan Provinces of China and in Nepal, India and Tibet in high altitude temperate forests.
Approximately 10,000 red pandas are left in the world and they are considered a vulnerable species.
"Saving Giant Pandas with San Diego Zoo Global!" Webinar by San Diego Zoo Global, Wednesday, March 15, 2017
Brief Overview of San Diego's Giant Panda Program
Story of hope, if we work together can save species from extinction.
Reproductive biology- giant pandas are solitary animals and getting together can be difficult
Building relationships with collegues in China
Conservation Takes Time
At two weeks of age, the black color shows up on panda cubs in the skin as pigmentation then the fur changes color.
They eat 14 hours a day and poop up to 50 times a day.
Large bamboo die off in 1970s accompanied by habitat fragmentation lead to the crash in giant panda numbers.
In mid 1990s, captive population was not doing well 100 in captivity and only 40 percent females were having babies and only 7 breeding males were in China. Now, over 400 are in captivity, 80% females are reproducing.
Pandas use vocalizations and scent to communicate during mating. Scent marking occurs 2 weeks prior to mating then vocalizations start about 1 week prior to mating.
Community of giant panda researchers. Excellent communication with Wolong and exchange of researchers.
Bai Yun has been a perfect panda. Very good mom and good relationship with Gao Gao who is an amazing breeder.
What does it mean to be a good panda mom. Used video and audio to record activity in den. Giant pandas are fascinating to observe, start off as helpless cubs who go under significant changes, including how to eat bamboo of cub watching mom eat bamboo.
Bifengxia is the primary breeding facility- 20 cubs per year. Wolong is changing to more of a release into the wild facility.
Greatest change in panda recovery has been habitat preservation.
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