Polar Bears/Subarctic

Arctic Habitat and the Arctic Circle


The Arctic Circle is at 66 degrees, 33 minutes, 45.9 seconds latitude north where the sun remains above the horizon for at least one 24 hour period a year.  Churchill, Manitoba is at 58 degrees north latitude.


In the strictest sense, the Arctic is all of the Earth north of the Arctic Circle, located at approximately 66 degrees, 34 minutes North Latitude.* However, there are other definitions of the Arctic to suit specific scientific or political interests. For instance, the U.S. Congress has decreed that all of the Bering Sea, which extends southward to about 53 degrees North Latitude, is part of the Arctic for internal U.S. planning and budgeting purposes. Others make use of such markers as the southernmost extent of winter sea ice for oceanic boundaries of the Arctic, or the treeline for terrestrial boundaries. (NOAA) NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION


Polar bears are the largest land carnivores on earth, equal in size to the Kodiac brown bear.  Male polar bears average from 700 to 1500 pounds and can rise to nearly 10 feet tall.  Females are one half as heavy as males.  Polar bears can smell seals 1 mile away or 3 feet under snow.  Polar bears are insulated with 4 inches of bludder.  They can sprint at 25 mph and swim for days in the frigid Arctic waters.  Females become sexually mature at age 4 to 5 years and average two cubs in a litter.  Pregnant polar bears enter their snow den in early winter, give birth in midwinter and exit the den between mid February to mid April.  Cubs stay with their mother for 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 years.


The arctic fox is a small fox with thick fur that is brown in the summer and white in the winter.  The arctic fox feeds on lemmings, voles, fish, birds, berries and insects.  They live in large dens with a complex tunnel system.  In some parts of the world, the red fox has expanded in to arctic fox territory and is now a predator of the arctic fox.

Arctic and Subarctic



Polar Bear

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 9, 2011


This photograph was taken 2 feet away from the Polar Bear through a metal fence and is now longer allowed!



Polar Bear

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 8, 2011



Polar Bear

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 8, 2011



Polar Bear

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 8, 2011



Polar Bears

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 10, 2011



Polar Bears

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 10, 2011



Polar Bear

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 11, 2011



Polar Bears

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 9, 2011



Polar Bear

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 8, 2011



Polar Bears

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 9, 2011



Polar Bears

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 9, 2011



Arctic Fox

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 9, 2011



Arctic Fox

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 10, 2011



Arctic Fox

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 10, 2011



Arctic Fox

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 7, 2011



Arctic Fox

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 10, 2011



Arctic Fox

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 10, 2011



Willow Ptarmigans

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 10, 2011


Willow Ptarmigans

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 10, 2011


Arctic Sunset

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 8, 2011



Polar Bear Footprint

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 8, 2011



Polar Bear and Arctic Fox

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 10, 2011



Double Nap!


Polar Bear and Arctic Fox

Seal River, Manitoba, Canada

November 10, 2011



2021 Photographs


A Close Encounter of the Wild Kind!


This Gray Wolf walked up to the guided group and stood 4 yards (meters) from me for 30 to 60 seconds before walking into the willows.  Wolves are not hunted in the remote Kaska Coast and are not fearful of humans!


Gray Wolf

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 17, 2021



Walking in the Snow!


Gray Wolf

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 17, 2021



Wolf Footprint!


Gray Wolf

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 17, 2021



Snowy Owl

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 18, 2021



Snowy Owl

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 18, 2021



Snowy Owl

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 18, 2021



Spruce Grouse

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 18, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 18, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 18, 2021



Canada Jay

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Canada Jay

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bears

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bears

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Polar Bears

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Willow Ptarmigan

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 19, 2021



Willow Ptarmigans

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Willow Ptarmigans

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Polar Bear

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 20, 2021



Sunset

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 22, 2021



Hudson Bay Squirrel

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 23, 2021



Red Fox

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 23, 2021



Red Fox

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 23, 2021



Sunrise at Minus 40 F!


Sun Dogs

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 24, 2021



Willow Ptarigan

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 24, 2021



Social Birds!


Willow Ptarigan

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 24, 2021



Willow Ptarigan

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 24, 2021



My First Decent Photograph of the Northern Lights!


Aurora Borealis

Kaska Coast, Hudson Bay, Manitoba, Canada

November 24, 2021